📝In March this year, researchers from the 𝘈𝘶𝘴𝘵𝘳𝘢𝘭𝘪𝘢𝘯 𝘕𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘭 𝘜𝘯𝘪𝘷𝘦𝘳𝘴𝘪𝘵𝘺 made a fantastic discovery.
✅They realised that a protein we produce in our bodies significantly influences our immune system’s reaction to allergens.
➡️People who produce less amount of Neuritin have a higher risk of dying of 𝐀𝐧𝐚𝐩𝐡𝐲𝐥𝐚𝐱𝐢𝐬 and developing 𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐞𝐫𝐠𝐢𝐞𝐬.
🔬Studies in mice showed some key components that mediate allergic reactions were substantially raised in mice lacking Neuritin.
They proceeded to give Neuritin to those mice, and it managed to restore the lost function, decreasing the production of 𝐈𝐠𝐄 and other 𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐛𝐨𝐝𝐢𝐞𝐬.
❗To make matters more important, it was also found that Neuritin also plays a vital role in decreasing 𝐚𝐮𝐭𝐨-𝐢𝐦𝐦𝐮𝐧𝐞 𝐝𝐢𝐬𝐞𝐚𝐬𝐞, 𝐚𝐬𝐭𝐡𝐦𝐚 and the control of 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞𝐫 cells.
❗❗This means we might have a chance to introduce a protein our body produces and give it to patients who are deficient in it, helping them either outgrow their 𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐞𝐫𝐠𝐢𝐞𝐬 and 𝐚𝐬𝐭𝐡𝐦𝐚 or decrease the severity of the symptoms.
ℹIt was first described more than 60 years ago but only recently started to be more noted and looked into.
❗In 2011 the 𝘌𝘶𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘍𝘰𝘰𝘥 𝘚𝘢𝘧𝘦𝘵𝘺 𝘈𝘨𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘺 raised concerns regarding the high levels of amines (histamine included) present in foods bought in supermarkets, which might be considered a health risk.
▶️It affects around 1% of the population, with nearly 80% of those being of middle age.
▶️It happens when there is an imbalance between the amount of histamine circulating and our capacity to degrade it.
⚕Symptoms can happen due to either deficiency of the enzymes that degrade histamine or medication, leading to decreased enzymatic activity.
⚠️The main symptoms depend on the organs affected
🔷️When the problem is 𝐃𝐀𝐎 deficiency
🔹️Nausea and vomiting
🔹️Diarrhoea, abdominal pain and problems with digestion
🔹️Itchy skin, rashes, and hives
🔹️Asthma and difficulty breathing
🔹️Muscular and joint pains
🔶️When the problem is 𝐇𝐍𝐌𝐓 deficiency, mainly it affects
🔸️Lining of lungs
✅The best way to reduce symptoms is by either reducing or stopping eating foods containing histamine or taking antihistamines.
‼️The use of DAO (Diamine Oxidase) supplements is still debatable.
⚠️They are the most used class of medication in the USA and the 07th in the UK.
The first one discovered in 1937 was a compound called 933F, followed shortly after by 929F.
⛔The big problem is that both were very toxic to the human being.
❗In 1942 Antergan and in 1945 Diphynhidramine were discovered.
‼️Second generation were only developed in the 1980s.
✅Currently, there are over 40 different ones.
🔷️Often people divide them between drowsy and non-drowsy.
🔷️Some others call them slow acting or fast acting.
🔷️The correct name is first generation and second generation.
🔹️Saying this, there is some debate about a potential third generation.
🔹️To make matters slightly more confusing, some second generation also have first generation properties.
✅But we are only talking about the ones acting on H1 receptors.
✳ These are used for all sorts of allergic reactions:
▶️Insect venom allergy
▶️Allergy to chemicals
▶️Urticaria or angioedema
❓What are the main differences?
➡️All 1st generation and a couple of second generation need to be metabolized in the liver, to become active.
➡️1st generation have less afinity for the H1 receptors, than other generations. ➡️2nd generation reaches peak plasma level and onset of action much faster than 1st generation.
➡️2nd generation are mainly excreted unchanged in urine (Cetirizine) or faeces (Fexofenadine).
➡️1st generation are less specific for H1 receptors and pass the blood-brain barrier, leading to sedating effects.
➡️Some 2nd generation can also be used topically on the nose or eyes (Azelastine), having a faster effect than when taken by mouth, but must be applied several times a day.
✴In reality, there are 4 different types of histamine receptors (from H1 to H4).
1️⃣H1 was described in 1966
2️⃣H2 was described in 1972
3️⃣H3 was described in 1983
4️⃣H4 was described in 1994
❇We have antagonists (actual name is reverse agonists) for H1 and H2, but not for the others.
🔻H1 are further divided into 7 different chemical groups.
This was another blog post collaboration I have done for My Baba.
If you want to read the full article and find how to help your reflux suffering child, click on the link below.
❓Often people ask me what they should do when they see a "𝘮𝘢𝘺 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘵𝘢𝘪𝘯" label.
⁉️My first question to them is, how many variations of that wording have they seen?
✅In a study done many years ago, the researchers found over 20 different ways of writing an allergy warning in food.
▶️They asked people how they would act, depending on what was written, and the variability was incredible.
𝐒𝐨 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐤𝐧𝐨𝐰, 𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐯𝐚𝐫𝐢𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐦𝐞𝐚𝐧 𝐞𝐱𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐥𝐲 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐬𝐚𝐦𝐞.
✅Several other studies went to see what was the actual variation of allergen concentration.
✳What did they find?
➡️In products with a warning, 6.5 to 93% contained an allergen.
➡️In products without a warning, 11 to 53% contained an allergen.
⚠️In reality, there is still a significant risk of a not labelled food, to contain a substantial amount of allergens.
❓But why is it that the food industry has this massive variability in warnings they use and still have so much potential cross-contamination of allergens?
❌The problem tracks back to political parties, the way they are funded or the individual politician's financial interest.
❗What I am saying might be controversial, but let's look at what is known.
⚠️Most of you have never heard of the "𝘌𝘶𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘍𝘰𝘰𝘥 𝘍𝘰𝘳𝘶𝘮".
🔻This is the most powerful lobby within the 𝘌𝘜 – the 𝐟𝐨𝐨𝐝 𝐢𝐧𝐝𝐮𝐬𝐭𝐫𝐲 𝐥𝐨𝐛𝐛𝐲.
🔻They have offices inside the 𝘌𝘶𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘗𝘢𝘳𝘭𝘪𝘢𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵 and manage to block all resolutions that can lead to improvement of food quality when this affects the profit the food industry has.
🔻It is easy to see what they have done so far, as most are widely published. (the list is far too long for me to place it here).
⚠️In the 𝘜𝘚𝘈 alone, in the 2014 elections, the food industry donated $𝟏𝟕𝐌, in total, to both parties.
❇This comes to the 𝐏'𝐬 I have spoken about before.
Those, also called 𝐄𝐃'𝐬 (𝘌𝘭𝘪𝘤𝘪𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘋𝘰𝘴𝘦), look into the dose needed to cause an allergic reaction and the percentage of allergic people who will react.
✅So a 𝐏𝟏 or 𝐄𝐃𝟏 means that the potential cross-contamination in a particular food will lead to 1% or fewer allergic people reacting to that food.
✴The best collaboration done so far is the one between the food industry in Australia, the Government and Allergy Organizations.
(see the attached table to see the ED for the 14 main allergens)
⛔Such an agreement does not exist in the 𝘌𝘜 at present.
✴The hope for the 𝘜𝘒, at the moment, is that the so called "𝐍𝐚𝐭𝐚𝐬𝐡𝐚'𝐬 𝐋𝐚𝐰" will lead to a change in this practice.
▶️But we need to go deeper than simple labelling, look into manufacturing practices, and avoid allergens altogether.
⚠️There are two primary sources of 𝐕𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐧 𝐀.
✅𝐏𝐥𝐚𝐧𝐭 𝐬𝐨𝐮𝐫𝐜𝐞, or 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘷𝘪𝘵𝘢𝘮𝘪𝘯 𝘈:
▶️All mammals get two-thirds of carotenoids from beta carotenes.
▶️Yellow, red and green (leafy) vegetables (spinach, carrots, sweet potatoes and red peppers)
▶️Yellow fruit (mango, papaya and apricots)
✅𝐀𝐧𝐢𝐦𝐚𝐥 𝐬𝐨𝐮𝐫𝐜𝐞, or 𝘱𝘳𝘦𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘮𝘦𝘥 𝘝𝘪𝘵 𝘈:
▶️Fortified low-fat spreads
▶️Milk and yoghurt
▶️Liver and liver products such as liver pâté (don’t eat more than once a week, and pregnant women should avoid them altogether)
❇Examples of low concentration of Vit A (𝘪𝘯 𝘮𝘪𝘤𝘳𝘰𝘨𝘳𝘢𝘮𝘴 𝘢𝘯𝘥 % 𝘰𝘧 𝘥𝘢𝘪𝘭𝘺 𝘷𝘢𝘭𝘶𝘦).
➡️Peppers, sweet, red, raw, ½ cup (117/13)
➡️Mangos, raw, 1 whole (112/12)
➡️Black-eyed peas, boiled, 1 cup (66/7)
➡️Apricots, dried, 10 halves (63/7)
➡️Broccoli, boiled, ½ cup (60/7)
➡️Pistachio nuts, dry roasted, 1 ounce (4/0)
➡️Egg, hard-boiled, 1 large (75/8)
➡️Salmon, sockeye, cooked, 3 ounces (59/7) ➡Yoghurt, plain, low fat, 1 cup (32/4)
➡️Tuna, light, canned in oil, drained solids, 3 ounces (20/2)
➡️Chicken, breast meat and skin, roasted, ½ breast (5/1)
‼️Though most get their Vit A from plant sources, in reality, its absorption is not great.
🔸️When we eat beta carotenes, only 𝟺𝟶 𝘵𝘰 𝟼𝟶% 𝘢𝘳𝘦 𝘢𝘣𝘴𝘰𝘳𝘣𝘦𝘥.
🔹️In contrast, between 𝟾𝟶 𝘵𝘰 𝟿𝟶% of retinol from animal proteins will be absorbed.
❗To make the matter a bit more complicated, 𝘥𝘦𝘧𝘪𝘤𝘪𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘺 𝘪𝘯 𝘻𝘪𝘯𝘤, 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘵𝘦𝘪𝘯 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘧𝘢𝘵 𝘢𝘣𝘴𝘰𝘳𝘱𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 (conditions like abetalipoproteinemia) affect carotenoid absorption.
❎𝐂𝐚𝐫𝐨𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐨𝐢𝐝𝐬 are 𝘱𝘪𝘨𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵𝘴 𝘧𝘰𝘶𝘯𝘥 𝘪𝘯 𝘱𝘭𝘢𝘯𝘵𝘴.
▶️They are the reason for the bright red, yellow and orange colours you see in plenty of fruits, vegetables, algae and bacteria.
▶️Their importance is related to their ability to help absorb light so that photosynthesis can be done.
They are also antioxidants.
You can take supplements, if you can't eat any of the above.
As we spoke before, 𝐕𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐧 𝐀 is 𝘧𝘢𝘵-𝘴𝘰𝘭𝘶𝘣𝘭𝘦.
⚠️We don’t eat Vit A, even in supplements.
When we consume 🍎fruits, 🥕vegetables or 💊supplements, in reality, we are taking something called “𝘳𝘦𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘺𝘭 𝘦𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘴” (also known as preformed Vit A) or 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘷𝘪𝘵𝘢𝘮𝘪𝘯 𝘈.
✅One way or another, they suffer alterations to become 𝘳𝘦𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘰𝘭𝘴. This is simply because those are easier absorbed in the small bowel.
❎As they are absorbed, small molecules called “𝐜𝐡𝐲𝐥𝐨𝐦𝐢𝐜𝐫𝐨𝐧𝐬” will transport them into the Liver.
❎If the Liver has reached its full capacity of Vitamin A, other small molecules called 𝐕𝐋𝐃𝐋 (𝘝𝘦𝘳𝘺 𝘓𝘰𝘸-𝘋𝘦𝘯𝘴𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘓𝘪𝘱𝘰𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘵𝘦𝘪𝘯𝘴) will transport it (often already changed into retinyl palmitate) to other tissues.
✴Those tissues are mainly:
1️⃣Adipose tissue (AKA fat)
❎Another group of molecules called 𝐋𝐃𝐋 (𝘓𝘰𝘸-𝘋𝘦𝘯𝘴𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘓𝘪𝘱𝘰𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘵𝘦𝘪𝘯𝘴) might also do that transport.
‼️𝐕𝐞𝐫𝐲 𝐢𝐦𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐭𝐚𝐧𝐭 𝐭𝐨 𝐤𝐧𝐨𝐰:
▶️VLDL and LDL are what is called “bad cholesterol”
▶️HDL is what is called “good cholesterol”
✴Bear in mind any disease affecting the bowels (and I am referring to the 𝘴𝘮𝘢𝘭𝘭 𝘣𝘰𝘸𝘦𝘭) will affect fat absorption capacity. In turn, this will affect Vitamin A absorption as well.
❓Remember we spoke about Vit A being fat soluble?
✅Conditions that affect Vit A absorption:
➡️Inflammatory Bowel Disease
➡️Cholestasis (conditions preventing bile passing to the bowel, from the Liver)
➡️Small bowel bypass surgery
➡️Significant parasitic infestation
➡️Low fat in the diet
⚠️People with any of these conditions should take 𝐕𝐢𝐭 𝐀 𝐬𝐮𝐩𝐩𝐥𝐞𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐬.
When Vit A is not absorbed, it will be excreted in stools.
The one that becomes inactivated in the bloodstream will be excreted in the urine.
✴The big problem is that our body absorbs Vit A better than it destroys it.
⛔This can lead to excessive accumulation and 𝐕𝐢𝐭 𝐀 𝐭𝐨𝐱𝐢𝐜𝐢𝐭𝐲.
Also known as Retinol or Retinoic Acid.
Those names derive from an area in the back of the eye.
It was the first 𝘧𝘢𝘵-𝘴𝘰𝘭𝘶𝘣𝘭𝘦 but not the first Vitamin to be discovered.
🇪🇬It all started with the 𝘌𝘨𝘺𝘱𝘵𝘪𝘢𝘯𝘴, as they found that some types of 𝘣𝘭𝘪𝘯𝘥𝘯𝘦𝘴𝘴 could be cured by 𝘦𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘭𝘪𝘷𝘦𝘳.
🔶️This Vitamin plays a vital role in 👁𝘷𝘪𝘴𝘪𝘰𝘯, 𝘨𝘳𝘰𝘸𝘵𝘩, 𝘤𝘦𝘭𝘭 𝘥𝘪𝘷𝘪𝘴𝘪𝘰𝘯 and 𝘪𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘨𝘳𝘪𝘵𝘺 (mainly 𝘢𝘪𝘳𝘸𝘢𝘺𝘴, 𝘶𝘳𝘪𝘯𝘢𝘳𝘺 𝘵𝘳𝘢𝘤𝘵 and 𝘨𝘶𝘵), 𝘳𝘦𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 and 𝘪𝘮𝘮𝘶𝘯𝘪𝘵𝘺. We cannot forget how important it is for foetal development.
🤰But beware, pregnant women DO NOT need a Vitamin A dose higher than the daily recommended dose.
✅Due to this, many believe it is 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐦𝐨𝐬𝐭 𝐞𝐬𝐬𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐚𝐥 𝐕𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐧 in animal life (not just humans).
🔻When there is a deficiency, it can lead to:
➡️Low immune response
➡️Dry skin and hair
✴𝐍𝐨𝐭𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐜𝐚𝐮𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧: If you use creams containing Vit A, do not go on long sun exposures, leading to skin cancer development! On the other hand, sun exposure decreases skin Vit A.
✳𝗪𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐭𝐨 𝐝𝐨?
Use it after sun and/or at nighttime.
❓Is there a connection between Vitamin A and allergies?
🔸️The only relationship found so far is between lack of it and increased risk of allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis (hayfever).
‼️There is a hypothesis saying that Vit A might help prevent an adverse reaction when eating different kinds of food.
❌Too much Vitamin A can also lead to problems. Such as:
➡️Pain in the joints and bone
They are bacteria that can lead to benefits to the large bowels when taken in an appropriate amount.
❓But are all Probiotics good?
📝For me to have a better idea about that, I went to find the evidence behind it.
✴There are over 2.5k articles focusing on 22 different probiotics.
✴From those articles, I found 249 RCTs (𝘳𝘢𝘯𝘥𝘰𝘮𝘪𝘻𝘦𝘥 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘵𝘳𝘰𝘭𝘭𝘦𝘥 𝘵𝘳𝘪𝘢𝘭𝘴), with most of them being sponsored by the company selling them.
✔So take their conclusions with a pinch of salt…
✅The most effective use for them is diarrhoea, IBD (𝘐𝘯𝘧𝘭𝘢𝘮𝘮𝘢𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘺 𝘉𝘰𝘸𝘦𝘭 𝘋𝘪𝘴𝘦𝘢𝘴𝘦) and IBS (𝘐𝘳𝘳𝘪𝘵𝘢𝘣𝘭𝘦 𝘉𝘰𝘸𝘦𝘭 𝘚𝘺𝘯𝘥𝘳𝘰𝘮𝘦).
⚠️This image shows the conditions for which probiotics are helpful and the evidence's strength.
(𝘊𝘩𝘰𝘰𝘴𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘢𝘯 𝘢𝘱𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘳𝘪𝘢𝘵𝘦 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘣𝘪𝘰𝘵𝘪𝘤 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘵 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘺𝘰𝘶𝘳 𝘱𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘦𝘯𝘵: 𝘈𝘯 𝘦𝘷𝘪𝘥𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘦-𝘣𝘢𝘴𝘦𝘥 𝘱𝘳𝘢𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘭 𝘨𝘶𝘪𝘥𝘦. 𝘩𝘵𝘵𝘱𝘴://𝘥𝘰𝘪.𝘰𝘳𝘨/𝟷𝟶.𝟷𝟹𝟽𝟷/𝘫𝘰𝘶𝘳𝘯𝘢𝘭.𝘱𝘰𝘯𝘦.𝟶𝟸𝟶𝟿𝟸𝟶𝟻 𝘋𝘦𝘤𝘦𝘮𝘣𝘦𝘳 𝟸𝟼, 𝟸𝟶𝟷𝟾)
❇This means, not all probiotics have any evidence based effect on your health.
➡️And the helpful ones are disease specific.
❗At least, from all of them, we know there are no absolute contraindications to their use.
✅Other benefits found are that they:
▶️Stimulate the immune system
▶️Can decrease the inflammatory response
▶️Can improve vaccine response
✅Where are they found:
▶️Fermented milk drinks
▶️Examples: kefir, kombucha, sauerkraut, pickles, miso, tempeh, kimchi, sourdough bread, some cheeses (Cheddar, Parmesan, and Swiss cheeses are soft cheeses that contain a decent amount of probiotics. Gouda is the soft cheese that delivers the most probiotics of all)
✅How to take them:
▶️There is scant evidence comparing which type of formulation may be more effective.
▶️The choice of formulation may be based on shelf-life, in that lyophilized capsules maintain high concentrations longer than probiotics in dairy products and enteric-coated capsules show higher survival rates than non-enteric coated capsules.
▶️Probiotic capsules requiring refrigeration are heat-dried (not lyophilized) and thus not stable at room temperature, limiting their portability.
▶️Besides, if the patient is lactose-intolerant, yoghurts or other types of fermented dairy products may not be advisable.
‼️Careful with quality control, some will have less than stated.
⚠️Sometimes, when having an 𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐞𝐫𝐠𝐢𝐜 𝐫𝐞𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧, it can become a more severe reaction.
✳The most severe allergic reactions are called 𝐀𝐧𝐚𝐩𝐡𝐲𝐥𝐚𝐱𝐢𝐬.
📝The definition of 𝐀𝐧𝐚𝐩𝐡𝐲𝐥𝐚𝐱𝐢𝐬 is not uniform worldwide.
For you to have an idea, the WAO (𝘞𝘰𝘳𝘭𝘥 𝘈𝘭𝘭𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘺 𝘖𝘳𝘨𝘢𝘯𝘪𝘻𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯), the WHO (𝘞𝘰𝘳𝘭𝘥 𝘏𝘦𝘢𝘭𝘵𝘩 𝘖𝘳𝘨𝘢𝘯𝘪𝘻𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯), the AAAAI (𝘈𝘮𝘦𝘳𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘯 𝘈𝘤𝘢𝘥𝘦𝘮𝘺 𝘰𝘧 𝘈𝘭𝘭𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘺, 𝘈𝘴𝘵𝘩𝘮𝘢 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘐𝘮𝘮𝘶𝘯𝘰𝘭𝘰𝘨𝘺), the EAACI (𝘌𝘶𝘳𝘰𝘱𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘈𝘤𝘢𝘥𝘦𝘮𝘺 𝘰𝘧 𝘈𝘭𝘭𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘺 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘊𝘭𝘪𝘯𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘭 𝘐𝘮𝘮𝘶𝘯𝘰𝘭𝘰𝘨𝘺) and the ASCIA (𝘈𝘶𝘴𝘵𝘳𝘢𝘭𝘢𝘴𝘪𝘢𝘯 𝘚𝘰𝘤𝘪𝘦𝘵𝘺 𝘰𝘧 𝘊𝘭𝘪𝘯𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘭 𝘐𝘮𝘮𝘶𝘯𝘰𝘭𝘰𝘨𝘺 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘈𝘭𝘭𝘦𝘳𝘨𝘺), all have slightly different definitions.
✴The one I like the most is actually the ASCIA one:
"𝘈 𝘳𝘢𝘱𝘪𝘥𝘭𝘺 𝘦𝘷𝘰𝘭𝘷𝘪𝘯𝘨, 𝘨𝘦𝘯𝘦𝘳𝘢𝘭𝘪𝘴𝘦𝘥 𝘮𝘶𝘭𝘵𝘪-𝘴𝘺𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘮 𝘳𝘦𝘢𝘤𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘤𝘩𝘢𝘳𝘢𝘤𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘪𝘴𝘦𝘥 𝘣𝘺 𝘰𝘯𝘦 𝘰𝘳 𝘮𝘰𝘳𝘦 𝘴𝘺𝘮𝘱𝘵𝘰𝘮𝘴 𝘰𝘳 𝘴𝘪𝘨𝘯𝘴 𝘰𝘧 𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘱𝘪𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘰𝘳𝘺, 𝘤𝘢𝘳𝘥𝘪𝘰𝘷𝘢𝘴𝘤𝘶𝘭𝘢𝘳 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘰𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘳 𝘴𝘺𝘴𝘵𝘦𝘮𝘴 𝘴𝘶𝘤𝘩 𝘢𝘴 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘴𝘬𝘪𝘯 𝘢𝘯𝘥/𝘰𝘳 𝘎𝘐 𝘵𝘳𝘢𝘤𝘵."
Given this, how do we know it is 𝐀𝐧𝐚𝐩𝐡𝐲𝐥𝐚𝐱𝐢𝐬 or not
⬆️Have a look at the image above.
❓What to do if you think you, or your child, are having an anaphylactic reaction?
▶️If you are sure it is, give 𝐀𝐝𝐫𝐞𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐞.
▶️If you are unsure it is, STILL GIVE 𝐀𝐝𝐫𝐞𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐞.
▶️If you are sure it is not, ONLY in this case, give 𝐀𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐡𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐦𝐢𝐧𝐞𝐬.
‼️In ALL circumstances (or if you don't have an Adrenaline AutoInjector), 𝐜𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝟗𝟗𝟗 and ALWAYS ask for 𝐡𝐞𝐥𝐩.
✅(𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘢𝘭𝘨𝘰𝘳𝘪𝘵𝘩𝘮 𝘐 𝘩𝘢𝘷𝘦 𝘶𝘴𝘦𝘥 𝘰𝘯 𝘮𝘺 𝘪𝘮𝘢𝘨𝘦𝘴 𝘪𝘴 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘯𝘦𝘸 𝘥𝘳𝘢𝘧𝘵 𝘰𝘯𝘦, 𝘸𝘢𝘪𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘵𝘰 𝘣𝘦 𝘱𝘶𝘣𝘭𝘪𝘴𝘩𝘦𝘥)
🔶️It is important to know that 𝐀𝐧𝐚𝐩𝐡𝐲𝐥𝐚𝐱𝐢𝐬 is a 𝐫𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐞𝐯𝐞𝐧𝐭, and most times, it 𝐃𝐎𝐄𝐒 𝐍𝐎𝐓 𝐥𝐞𝐚𝐝 𝐭𝐨 𝐝𝐞𝐚𝐭𝐡.
🆕️In fact, recently published research said there had been a significant increase in hospital admissions with Anaphylaxis, but a decrease in deaths.
This seems like a contradiction, but it is not.
⁉️Why is that?
✅On the one hand, we know there is a significant increase in the incidence of allergies, so naturally, the number of Anaphylactic cases will increase.
✅But on the other hand, the health care professionals awareness has increased, leading to better recognition and prescription of appropriate medication.
I will put my hands down, and agree with whoever tells me what is done, is still not enough.
The bottom line is:
➡ ️𝐑𝐞𝐜𝐨𝐠𝐧𝐢𝐬𝐞 it Fast.
➡️Have your 𝐦𝐞𝐝𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 with you AT ALL TIMES!
🆘️Ask for 𝐇𝐄𝐋𝐏!
Dr Costa is a Consultant Paediatrician and fellow of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health.